Department Of Radiodiagnosis
General Information about department
Radiodiagnosis is the branch of medical science that focuses on the use of radiation, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance for diagnostic, therapeutic, and research purposes in medicinal practice.
Soon after discovery of x ray by W.C Roentgen in 1895 the use of x rays in the diagnosis of disease and the use of X-rays, gamma rays, and other forms of ionizing radiation in the treatment of disease. In more recent years radiology has come also to embrace diagnosis by a method of organ scanning with the use of radioactive isotopes and also with nonionizing radiation, such as ultrasound waves and nuclear magnetic resonance. Similarly, the scope of radiotherapy has extended to include, in the treatment of cancer, such agents as hormones and chemotherapeutic drugs.
Department of Radiodiagnosis was established in year 1981. Previously it was known as department of Radiology. Presently it is in the main building (Room No. 16) of SMS Hospital with administrative block and having 7 X-Ray rooms, Sonography rooms, staff room & Seminar hall. Department has its branches in Bangur wing, Birla wing, Emergency wing, Trauma centre & in Dhanwantri OPD wing. Department is also working in attached group of hospital as--
1. Zanana Hospital,
2. Mahila Hospital,
3. Gangori Hospital,
4. State Cancer Institute, Pratap Nagar, Jaipur
5. Institute of Respiratory Diseases,
6. J.K.Loan Hospital,
7. Psychiatric Hospital
8. Satellite Hospital, Sethi Colony
9. Satellite Hospital, Banipark
10. Hari bux Kanwatiya Hospital
Radiological Physics is a branch of science in which the concepts and methods of physics are applied to the diagnosis and treatment of human diseases. Faculty in Radiological Physics is health care professionals with specialised training in the medical applications of radiation for diagnosis, treatment and research. They often work with patients and other scientific, technical, medical and administrative staff. They keep abreast of scientific and medical research in their own field as well as develop laboratory, computational and management skills. The responsibilities of a faculty in Radiological Physics lie predominantly in the areas of radiotherapy, diagnostic imaging, nuclear medicine and radiation protection. Faculty in Radiological Physics have expertise in radiation safety and are responsible for controlling the beneficial use of ionising radiation in patient diagnosis and treatment while protecting workers and the public from potential hazards and harmful effects. They provide assistance to other health care professionals in optimising the balance between the benefit versus the risk of any procedure involving radiation.
The Department of Radiological Physics provides scientific expertise and support for the Radiotherapy Department in the area of cancer treatment, for the Radiology Department in the area of diagnostic X-ray imaging and in nuclear medicine for isotope imaging and treatment. The roles of a faculty in radiological physics in radiotherapy include treatment planning and radiotherapy machine design, testing, calibration, and troubleshooting. Radiological physicists design treatment plans for radiotherapy patients using either external radiation beams or internal radioactive sources. They calculate measure and verify radiation dose to ensure that an accurate amount is delivered to a well-defined treatment volume. They also monitor equipment and procedures through quality assurance programs to ensure that cancer patients receive the prescribed dose of radiation to the correct location. Quality assurance consists of activities designed to assure adequate quality, precision and accuracy in the uses of radiation and reproducibility of the procedures and systems used.
In diagnostic imaging, the responsibilities of faculty in radiological physics include machine purchasing and installation, shielding design and organisation of quality assurance for imaging systems. A radiation protection/quality assurance support service is also provided to departments and hospitals using radiation for diagnosis/ treatment research.
In clinical services, the first and foremost responsibility of faculty of radiological physics is towards patient. Qualified faculty in radiological Physics clinical practice is to assure the safe and effective delivery of radiation to achieve a diagnostic or therapeutic result as prescribed in patient care. The radiological physics faculty performs or supervises the technical aspects of procedures necessary to achieve this objective. By training and practice the Radiological Physicists are competent/expert in radiological science and patient care.
Today faculty in radiological Physics Services contribute to maintain and improve the quality, safety, and cost-effectiveness of healthcare services through patient-oriented activities requiring expert action, involvement or advice regarding the specification, selection, acceptance testing, commissioning, quality assurance including quality control, and optimised clinical use of medical devices and regarding risks from associated physical agents especially ionising radiation.
The responsibilities of the faculty in radiological physics include:
- The planning of radiation treatments for cancer patients, using either external radiation beams or internal radioactive sources.
- Protection of the patient and others from potentially harmful or excessive radiation.
- Establishment of adequate protocols to ensure accurate patient dosimetry.
- The measurement and characterization of radiation.
- The determination of delivered dose.
- Advancement of procedures necessary to ensure image quality; development and direction of quality assurance programs.
- Guidance & Assistance to other health care professionals in optimizing the balance between the beneficial and deleterious effects of radiation.
- In cancer, they work primarily on issues involving radiation, such as the basic mechanisms of biological change after irradiation, the application of new high-energy machines to patient treatment, and the development of new techniques for precise measurement of radiation.
- The faculty in radiological physics contribute clinical and scientific advice and resources to solve the numerous and diverse physical problems that arise continually in many specialized medical areas. Further radiological physicists play a vital and often leading role on the medical research team.
- Teaching of radiobiology, radiation protection, radiation dosimetry, and radiotherapy planning to M.D radiotherapy, Science of imaging, radiation protection and planning to M.D. radiodiagnosis and teaching of B.Sc /Diploma /paramedical courses.
TEACHING & TRAINING SUPPORT OF DEPARTMENT OF RADIOLOGIACL PHYSICS FOR INSTITUTE COURSES:-
1. M.B.B.S. teaching & training
2. M.D. Radiotherapy
3. M.D. Radiodiagnosis
4. Various Department using Ionizing Radiation Training & Teaching
5. Nursing Courses
6. M.Sc. Radiotherapy Technology
7. B.Sc. Radiation Technology
8. Diploma Radiation Technology
We are running:
PG Course (MD Radiodaignosis) – 20 seats
6 months USG Course 49 seats
Paramedical Courses (Bachelor of Radiation Technology (BRT) - 30 seats
Diploma in Radiation Technology (DRT) - 25 seats
We have the total strength of faculty members:-
1. Professor- 07
2. Associate Professor- 01
3. Assistant Professor- 12
4. Senior Resident 12
5. Residents- 38
6. Medical Officers- 01
We have the total strength of staff members in SMS Hospital:-
1. Superintendent Radiographer- 04
2. Senior Radiographer- 18
3. Radiographer- 27
4. Assistant Radiographer- 45
5. Dark Room Assistant- 06
6. Nursing Staff- 06
7. Sr. Assistant 01
8. Ward Boy- 08
Last updated: 11/01/2022